by E. Janet Warren
Since the Bible lacks a cohesive demonology, scholars tend to either maximize or minimize the ontology of evil. I suggest two solutions to reconcile these views: metaphor theory can elucidate the diverse biblical descriptors, and chaos-complexity theory can provide a model for demonology. Metaphors/models can depict reality, are frequently used in science, and are especially relevant to supersensible realities. Chaos-complexity theory describes systems that are nonlinear, sensitive to feedback, and self-organizing. Using it as a model for demonology can help reconcile biblical ambiguities and ontological perspectives. Demons can be compared with insect swarms, having minimal individual ontology, but capable of self-organizing into powerful forces.
PSCF 63, no. 4 (2011): 255–66